Big ideas on global issues

Monday, 18 February 2019

climate changeBig ideas on Climate change

Today’s climate change is a long-term, large-scale rise in Earth’s global average temperature, causing shifts in weather patterns. Some models predict rises in global temperature of 4 degrees Celsius by the end of the 21st Century, which could make advanced civilisation unsustainable, lead to a major reduction in the human population, and cause extinction for many other species. The UN aims to keep temperature rise to between 1.5 - 2 degree C. “The Earth’s climate is changing at a rate that has exceeded most scientific forecasts” UNHCR 2018.

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icon inequalities nameBig ideas on International inequalities

Inequality is the state of not being equal, for example in terms of income or wealth. People with higher income will usually have better access to services and opportunities. They also have a lower chance of their basic human rights being violated. Whether an individual is born into a wealthy family or wealthy society is a matter of chance. Income inequality can be measured between countries, identifying high-income countries and low-income countries. It can also be measured within countries. Currently inequality, in terms of income, is decreasing between nations. However, inequality within nations is on the increase – there is a widening gap between rich and poor.

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icon gender nameBig ideas on Gender inequalities

Gender is not the same as sex (biological characteristics of men and women) but is a socially constructed definition of men and women, therefore sex is something we are born with and gender is something we learn. Gender roles are often determined by culture, with both men and women taught appropriate norms and behaviour, reflecting society and relationships, which have been built up over thousands of years. These roles have often been legitimised by laws. Over 150 countries have at least one law that is discriminatory towards women. For an individual, their gender is experienced as an identity (a deeply held, internal sense of self) and also as an ‘expression’ (how they present their gender in the world and how society, culture, community, and family perceive, interact with, and try to shape our gender).

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icon migration nameBig ideas on Global migrations

Migration is a feature of human existence and of our interdependent world. Modern humans first migrated out of Africa and across the world from around 120,000 years ago. We are all their descendants.

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Last modified on Wednesday, 01 April 2020 12:19